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Vincent Van Gogh - Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Winter

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Vincent Van Gogh - Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Winter
Portrait of Pere Tanguy

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Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Winter

Vincent Van Gogh

Birth name Vincent Willem van Gogh
Born 30 March 1853 (1853-03-30)
Zundert, The Netherlands
Died 29 July 1890 (1890-07-30) (aged 37)
Auvers-sur-Oise, France
Nationality Dutch
Field Painter
Movement Post-Impressionism
Works The Potato Eaters, Sunflowers, The Starry Night, Irises, Portrait of Dr. Gachet

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Famous artist Vincent Van Gogh's portraits and self portraits

Self-portrait with Dark Felt Hat

Self-portrait with Pipe

Vincent Van Gogh selfportrait

Portrait of Pere Tanguy

Self-portrait with Grey Felt Hat

Agostina Segatori Sitting in the Cafe du Tambourin

Van Gogh Self-portrait

Self-portrait with Straw Hat

Van Gogh Self portrait with Grey Felt Hat

Van Gogh Woman Sitting by a Cradle

Van Gogh Self-portrait, Paris

Van Gogh Self-portrait

Van Gogh selfportrait

Van Gogh Self portrait
Vincent van Gogh, for whom color was the chief symbol of expression, was born in Groot-Zundert, Holland. The son of a pastor, brought up in a religious and cultured atmosphere, Vincent was highly emotional and lacked self-confidence. Between 1860 and 1880, when he finally decided to become an artist, van Gogh had had two unsuitable and unhappy romances  and had worked unsuccessfully as a clerk in a bookstore in the Borinage. He remained in Belgium to study art, determined to give happiness by creating beauty.

Self portrait with Straw Hat and Pipe

Van Gogh’s Self-portrait

Van Gogh Self-portrait

Van Gogh Self-portrait

Self-portrait with Straw Hat

 Selfportrait with Straw Hat

Gogh Self-portrait with Straw Hat

Van Gogh Portrait of Pere Tanguy

Self-portrait with a Japanese Print

Self-portrait, Paris, Autumn 1887

Italian Woman (Agostian Segatori)

Van Gogh Portrait of Pere Tanguy

Van Gogh selfportraits

Van Gogh  portraits

Van Gogh Self portrait with Straw Hat

Van Gogh Self-portrait with Grey Felt Hat

Van Gogh Self-portrait in Front of the Easel

Van Gogh La Mousme, Sitting

 Portrait of Postman Joseph Roulin

 Portrait of Patience Escalier
The works of his early Dutch period are somber-toned, sharply lit, genre paintings of which the most famous is "The Potato Eaters" (1885). In that year van Gogh went to Antwerp where he discovered the works of Rubens and purchased many Japanese prints. In 1886 he went to Paris to join his brother Theo, the manager of Goupil's gallery. In Paris, van Gogh studied with Cormon, inevitably met Pissarro, Monet, and Gauguin, and began to lighten his very dark palette and to paint in the short brushstrokes of the Impressionists. His nervous temperament made him a difficult companion and night-long discussions combined with painting all day undermined his health.

Van Gogh Self-portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin

Van Gogh Portrait of Eugene Boch

Van Gogh Portrait of Eugene Boch

 Portrait of Milliet, Second Lieutenant of the Zouaves

Van Gogh Portrait of Artist's Mother

Van Gogh L Arlesienne Madame Ginoux with Books

Van Gogh Self portrait

Van Gogh The Schoolboy Camille Roulin

Van Gogh Portrait of Armand Roulin

Van Gogh Portrait of Armand Roulin

Van Gogh Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear and Pipe

Van Gogh Portrait of Doctor Felix Rey

Van Gogh La Berceuse (Augustine Roulin)

Van Gogh Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, Arles

Van Gogh Self portrait 1889

Van Gogh SelfPortrait

Van Gogh Self-portrait

 Portrait of Trabuc, an Attendant at Saint-Paul Hospital

Van Gogh self portrait

Van Gogh Portrait of Doctor Gachet
He decided to go south to Arles where he hoped his friends would join him and help found a school of art. Gauguin did join him but with disastrous results. In a fit of epilepsy, van Gogh pursued his friend with an open razor, was stopped by Gauguin, but ended up cutting a portion of his ear lobe off. Van Gogh then began to alternate between fits of madness and lucidity and was sent to the asylum in Saint-Remy for treatment. In May of 1890, he seemed much better and went to live in Auvers-sur-Oise under the watchful eye of Dr. Gachet. Two months later he was dead, having shot himself "for the good of all." During his brief career he had sold one painting. Van Gogh's finest works were produced in less than three years in a technique that grew more and more impassioned in brushstroke, in symbolic and intense color, in surface tension, and in the movement and vibration of form and line.
Van Gogh Portrait of Doctor Gachet

Van Gogh Portrait of Adeline Ravoux

 Young Peasant Woman with Straw Hat Sitting in the Wheat

 Young Girl Standing against a Background of Wheat

Van Gogh Marguerite Gachet at the Piano
Van Gogh's inimitable fusion of form and content is powerful; dramatic, lyrically rhythmic, imaginative, and emotional, for the artist was completely absorbed in the effort to explain either his struggle against madness or his comprehension of the spiritual essence of man and nature.

Painting's Name

1- Self-portrait with Dark Felt Hat, Paris, Spring 1886, 2- Self-portrait with Pipe, Paris, Spring 1886, 3- Selfportrait, Paris, Autumn 1886, 4- Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Winter, 5- Self-portrait with Grey Felt Hat, Paris, Winter, 6- Agostina Segatori Sitting in the Cafe du Tambourin, Paris, February - March 1887, 7- Self-portrait, Paris, Spring 1887, 8- Self-portrait with Straw Hat, Paris, March - April 1887, 9- Self portrait with Grey Felt Hat, Paris, March - April 1887, 10- Woman Sitting by a Cradle, Paris, Spring 1887, 11- Self-portrait, Paris, Spring 1887, 12- Self-portrait, Paris, Spring - Summer 1887, 13- Self-portrait, Paris, Spring - Summer 1887, 14- Self portrait, Paris, Summer 1887, 15- Self portrait with Straw Hat and Pipe, Paris, Summer 1887, 16- Self-portrait, Paris, Summer 1887, 17- Self-portrait, Paris, Summer 1887, 18- Self-portrait, Paris, Summer 1887, 19- Self-portrait with Straw Hat, Paris, Summer 1887, 20- Self-portrait with Straw Hat 2, Paris, Summer 1887, 21- Self-portrait with Straw Hat 3, Paris, Summer 1887, 22- Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Autumn 1887, 23- Self-portrait with a Japanese Print, Paris, December 1887, 24- Self-portrait, Paris, Autumn 1887, 25- Italian Woman (Agostian Segatori), Paris, December 1887, 26- Portrait of Pere Tanguy, Paris, Winter 1887, 27- Self-portrait, Paris, Winter 1887, 28- Self-portrait, Paris, Winter 1887, 29- Self-portrait with Straw Hat 4, Paris, Winter 1887, 30- Self-portrait with Grey Felt Hat, Paris, Winter 1887, 31- Self-portrait in Front of the Easel, Paris, early 1888, 32- The Seated Zouave, Arles, June 1888, 33- La Mousme, Sitting, Arles, July 1888, 34- Portrait of Postman Joseph Roulin, Arles, early August 1888, 36- Portrait of Patience Escalier, Arles, August 1888, 37- Self-portrait (Dedicated to Paul Gauguin), Arles, September 1888, 38- Portrait of Eugene Boch, Arles, September 1888, 39- Portrait of Milliet, Second Lieutenant of the Zouaves, Arles, late September 1888, 40- Portrait of Artist's Mother, Arles, October 1888, 41-  L Arlesienne Madame Ginoux with Books, Arles, November 1888, 42-  Self-portrait, Arles, November - December 1887, 43- The Schoolboy Camille Roulin, Sainte-Remy, November - December 1888, 44- Portrait of Armand Roulin, Arles, November - December 1888, 45-Portrait of Armand Roulin, Arles, November - December 1888, 46- Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear and Pipe, Arles, January 1889, 47- Portrait of Doctor Felix Rey, Arles, January 1889, 48- La Berceuse (Augustine Roulin), Arles, January 1889, 49- Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, Arles, January 1889, 50-Self-Portrait, Saint-Remy, late August 1889, 51- SelfPortrait, Saint Remy, September 1889 52- Self-portrait, Saint-Remy, September 1889, 53- Portrait of Trabuc, an Attendant at Saint-Paul Hospital, Sainte-Remy, September 1889, 54- Self Portrait, Saint-Remy, September 1889, 55- Portrait of Doctor Gachet 1 Auvers-sur-Oise June 1890, 56- Portrait of Doctor Gachet, Auvers-sur-Oise, June 1890, 57- Portrait of Adeline Ravoux, Auvers-sur-Oise, 1890 June, 58- Young Peasant Woman with Straw Hat Sitting in the Wheat, Auvers-sur-Oise, late June 1890, 59- Young Girl Standing against a Background of Wheat, Auvers-sur-Oise, late June 1890, 60- Marguerite Gachet at the Piano, Auvers-sur-Oise, June 1890

Vincent Van Gogh Work

Van Gogh drew and painted with watercolors while at school; few of these works survive and authorship is challenged on some of those that do.When he committed to art as an adult, he began at an elementary level by copying the Cours de dessin, edited by Charles Bargue and published by Goupil & Cie. Within his first two years he had began to seek commissions. In spring 1882, his uncle, Cornelis Marinus (owner of a renowned gallery of contemporary art in Amsterdam) asked him for drawings of the Hague. Van Gogh's work did not prove equal to his uncle's expectations. Marinus offered a second commission, this time specifying the subject matter in detail, but was once again disappointed with the result. Nevertheless, Van Gogh persevered. He improved the lighting of his atelier (studio) by installing variable shutters and experimented with a variety of drawing materials. For more than a year he worked on single figures—highly elaborated studies in "Black and White",which at the time gained him only criticism. Today, they are recogonised as his first masterpieces.

The Old Mill, (1888), Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Starry Night Over the Rhone, (1888), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background, (1889), Museum of Modern Art, New YorkEarly in 1883, he undertook work on multi-figure compositions, which he based on the drawings. He had some of them photographed, but when his brother remarked that they lacked liveliness and freshness, Van Gogh destroyed them and turned to oil painting. By autumn 1882, Theo had enabled him to do his first paintings, but the amount Theo could supply was soon spent. Then, in spring 1883, Van Gogh turned to renowned Hague School artists like Weissenbruch and Blommers, and received technical support from them, as well as from painters like De Bock and Van der Weele, both Hague School artists of the second generation.

When he moved to Nuenen after the intermezzo in Drenthe, he began a number of large size paintings, but destroyed most. The Potato Eaters and its companion pieces—The Old Tower on the Nuenen cemetery and The Cottage—are the only to have survived. Following a visit to the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh was aware that many of his faults were due to lack of technical experience.So he went to Antwerp and later to Paris to improve his skill.

White House at Night, 1890, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, painted six weeks before the artist's deathMore or less acquainted with Impressionist and Neo-impressionist techniques and theories, Van Gogh went to Arles to develop these new possibilities. But within a short time, older ideas on art and work reappeared: ideas like doing series on related or contrasting subject matter, which would reflect the purpose of art. As his work progressed, he painted a great many Self-portraits. Already in 1884 in Nuenen he had worked on a series that was to decorate the dining room of a friend in Eindhoven. Similarly in Arles, in spring 1888 he arranged his Flowering Orchards into triptychs, began a series of figures that found its end in The Roulin Family, and finally, when Gauguin had consented to work and live in Arles side-by-side with Van Gogh, he started to work on the The Décoration for the Yellow House, which was by some accounts the most ambitious effort he ever undertook.Most of his later work is elaborating or revising its fundamental settings. In the spring of 1889, he painted another smaller group of orchards. In an April letter to Theo, he said, "I have 6 studies of spring, two of them large orchards. There is little time because these effects are so short-lived."

The art historian Albert Boime was the first to show that Van Gogh—even in seemingly phantastical compositions like Starry Night—relied on reality.The White House at Night, shows a house at twilight with a prominent star with a yellow halo in the sky. Astronomers at Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos calculated that the star is Venus, which was bright in the evening sky in June 1890 when Van Gogh is believed to have painted the picture.

The paintings from the Saint-Rémy period are often characterized by swirls and spirals. The patterns of luminosity in these images have been shown to conform to Kolmogorov's statistical model of turbulence.

Working procedure

Vestibule of the Asylum, Saint-Remy (September 1889), Van Gogh Museum, brush and oils, black chalk, on pink laid paperA Self-taught artist with little training, Van Gogh's painting and drawing techniques are all but academic. Recent research has shown that works commonly known as "oil paintings" or "drawings" would better be called executed in "mixed-media". For example, The Langlois Bridge at Arles still shows the highly elaborate under-drawing in pen and ink,and several works from Saint-Rémy and Auvers, hitherto considered to be drawings or watercolors, such as Vestibule of the Asylum, Saint-Remy (September 1889), turned out to be painted in diluted oil and with a brush.

Radiographical examination has shown that Van Gogh re-used older canvases more extensively than previously assumed—whether he really overpainted more than a third of his output, as presumed recently, must be verified by further investigations. In 2008, a team from Delft University of Technology and the University of Antwerp used advanced X-ray techniques to create a clear image of a woman's face previously painted, underneath the work Patch of Grass.


One of the most popular and widely known series of Van Gogh's paintings are his Cypresses. During the summer of 1889, at sister Wil's request, he made several smaller versions of Wheat Field with Cypresses.The works are characterised by swirls and densely painted impasto—and produced one of his best-known paintings - The Starry Night. Others works from the series have similar stylistic elements including Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background (1889) Cypresses (1889), Wheat Field with Cypresses (1889), (Van Gogh made several versions of this painting that year), Road with Cypress and Star (1890) and Starry Night Over the Rhone (1888). These have become synonymous with Van Gogh's work through their stylistic uniqueness. According to art historian Ronald Pickvance,

Road with Cypress and Star, May 1890, Kröller-Müller Museum
Wheat Field with Cypresses, (1889), National Gallery, London
Cypresses, (1889), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York CityRoad with Cypress and Star (1890), is a painting compositionally as unreal and artificial as the Starry Night. Pickvance goes on to say the painting Road with Cypress and Star represents an exalted experience of reality, a conflation of North and South, what both van Gogh and Gauguin referred to as an "abstraction". Referring to Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background, on or around June 18, 1889, in a letter to Theo, he wrote, "At last I have a landscape with olives and also a new study of a Starry Night."

Hoping to also have a gallery for his work, his major project at this time was a series of paintings including Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (1888), and Starry Night Over the Rhone (1888) that all intended to form the décoration of the Yellow House.

Flowering Orchards
See also: Flowering Orchards

Cherry Tree, (1888), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
View of Arles, Flowering Orchards (1889)The series of Flowering Orchards, sometimes referred to as the Orchards in Blossom paintings, were among the first group of work that Van Gogh completed after his arrival in Arles, Provence in February 1888. The 14 paintings in this group are optimistic, joyous and visually expressive of the burgeoning springtime. They are delicately sensitive, silent, quiet and unpopulated. About The Cherry Tree Vincent wrote to Theo on April 21, 1888 and said he had 10 orchards and: one big (painting) of a cherry tree, which I've spoiled.The following spring he painted another smaller group of orchards, including View of Arles, Flowering Orchards.

Van Gogh was taken by the landscape and vegetation of the south of France, and often visited the farm gardens near Arles. Because of the vivid light supplied by the Mediterranean climate his palette significantly brightened.[147] From his arrival, he was interested it capturing the effect of the seasons on the surrounding landscape and plant life.

Flowers and nuturmorts

See also: Sunflowers (series of paintings)
Van Gogh painted several versions of landscapes with flowers, as seen in View of Arles with Irises, and paintings of flowers, such as Irises, Sunflowers,lilacs, roses, oleanders and other flowers. Some of the paintings of flowers reflect his interests in the language of color and also in Japanese ukiyo-e woodblock prints.

View of Arles with Irises (1888), Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
Irises (1889), Getty Center, Los AngelesHe completed two series of sunflowers: the first while he was in Paris in 1887 and the later during his stay in Arles the following year. The first set show the flowers set in ground. In the second set, they are dying in vases. However, the 1888 paintings were created during a rare period of optimism for the artist. He intended them to decorate a bedroom where Paul Gauguin was supposed to stay in Arles that August, when the two would create the community of artists Van Gogh had long hoped for. The flowers are rendered with thick brushstrokes (impasto) and heavy layers of paint.

In an August 1888 letter to Theo, he wrote,

"I am hard at it, painting with the enthusiasm of a Marseillais eating bouillabaisse, which won't surprise you when you know that what I'm at is the painting of some sunflowers. If I carry out this idea there will be a dozen panels. So the whole thing will be a symphony in blue and yellow. I am working at it every morning from sunrise on, for the flowers fade so quickly. I am now on the fourth picture of sunflowers. This fourth one is a bunch of 14 flowers ... it gives a singular effect."
The series is perhaps his best known and most widely reproduced. In recent years, there has been debate regarding the authenticity of one of the paintings, and it has been suggested that this version may have been the work of Émile Schuffenecker or of Paul Gauguin.Most experts, however, conclude that the work is genuine.

Wheat fields

Wheatfield with Crows (1890), Van Gogh Museum, AmsterdamVan Gogh made several painting excursions during visits to the landscape around Arles. He drew a number of paintings featuring harvests, wheat fields and other rural landmarks of the area, including The Old Mill (1888); a good example of a picturesque structure bordering the wheat fields beyond.It was one of seven canvases sent to Pont-Aven on October 4, 1888 as exchange of work with Paul Gauguin, Emile Bernard, Charles Laval, and others. At various times in his life, Van Gogh painted the view from his window—at The Hague, Antwerp, Paris. These works culminated in The Wheat Field series, which depicted the view he could see from his adjoining cells in the asylum at Saint-Rémy.

Writing in July 1890, Van Gogh said that he had become absorbed "in the immense plain against the hills, boundless as the sea, delicate yellow".He had become captivated by the fields in May when the wheat was young and green. The weather worsened in July, and he wrote to Theo of "vast fields of wheat under troubled skies", adding that he did not "need to go out of my way to try and express sadness and extreme loneliness".By August, he had painted the crops both young and and during both dark and bright weather. A depiction of the golden wheat in bright sunlight was to be his final painting, along with his usual easel and paints he had carried a pistol with him that day.